The information we have provided at this site is informational only and is not, nor is it intended to be, legal advice. You should consult an attorney for advice regarding your individual situation.

We invite you to contact us via telephone, mail or e-mail, however, contacting us does not create an attorney-client relationship. An attorney-client relationship can only be established with direct, personal contact between you and the firm and a written agreement confirming that relationship and its terms.  You should not send us any confidential information until after such an agreement is made. In addition, prior to entering into such an agreement, we must perform a conflicts check in order to make sure that your interests do not conflict with those of our present clients.

In accordance with IRS Circular 230, to the extent this website, including any article attached, contains an opinion on one or more Federal tax issues, such opinion was not written to be used and cannot be used for the purpose of avoiding penalties. If you would like a formal written opinion on a particular tax matter which you can rely for the purpose of avoiding penalties, please contact us. We will refer you to a qualified tax specialist.

Privacy Policy of
the Law Offices of Joan M. Swartz

The proper functioning of the legal system and the fiduciary relationship existing between attorney and client requires the preservation by the attorney of confidential information of the client or one who has sought to employ the attorney. Free discussion should prevail between attorney and client in order for the attorney to be fully informed and for the client to obtain the full benefit of the legal system. The ethical obligation of the attorney to protect the confidential information of the client not only facilitates the proper representation of the client but also encourages potential clients to seek early legal assistance.

You should be aware that any communication sent to us by e-mail may be intercepted by third parties who may be under no obligation to keep such communication confidential.